What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetic Retinopathy is a disease that leads to blurry, distorted vision and blindness. It occurs when the diabetes weakens blood vessels inside your eye. These weak vessels leak fluid into an area of the eye called the retina. New, distorted vessels may grow, then bleed. These vessels can damage areas of the retina, causing vision loss.
What Are The Symptoms
You can have diabetic retinopathy without knowing it. Over time, you may notice gradual blurring or some vision loss. Symptoms may come and go. If diabetic retinopathy is severe, you may have clouded vision or blindness.
What Causes Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetes is the cause of this disease. Over time, diabetes makes blood vessels weaken all over the body, including the eyes. Other things can combine with diabetes to make retinopathy worse. These include pregnancy, high blood pressure, and smoking.
What You Can Do
You can have regular eye exams to help your doctor detect changes n your eyes before your vision is damaged. You can also take steps to prevent or control diabetic retinopathy: Control your diabetes, quit smoking, and control high blood pressure.
Treating Diabetic Retinopathy
Treatment may help slow the progress of diabetic retinopathy. Sometimes it also restores lost vision. Your treatment plan depends on your condition. It may include frequent exams to monitor your condition, laser treatment, and other procedures.